Cannabis and marijuana have been studied for years for a variety of reasons from medicine to agriculture. One of the prominent discoveries that have come from the last few years is the presence of a plethora of different cannabinoids like Delta-9 THC, CBD, and more recently, Delta-8 THC.
In this piece, we are going to discuss the background of Delta-8 THC including how it became legalized in the first place, where it can be found naturally in cannabis plants, how it is created and converted in a lab, testing and measurement requirements, and different types of Delta 8 products.
First, we want to remind you what Delta-8 THC is. According to the National Cancer Institute, Delta-8 THC is, “An analogue of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) with antiemetic, anxiolytic, appetite-stimulating, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties.” In layman’s terms, it has potential medical benefits, which is why it’s such a point of focus in the market right now.
So, how is Delta-8 THC Legal if Cannabis is federally illegal?
Well, in 2018 there was a bill passed called the Farm Bill. This bill allows for the regulated growth and manufacturing of hemp plants. It’s important to remember that hemp plants are cannabis plants, but not considered marijuana plants. This is due to their naturally occurring THC levels. Marijuana plants tend to have higher levels of THC which is why they are only legal in states with legalized cannabis. However, the Farm Bill was a national bill that legalized hemp plants on a country-wide scale.
There are a few exceptions to this “national” bill, mainly that these laws can still be regulated on a state level. If states want to participate in hemp cultivation they must get approved through the USDA. If states don’t apply for this, then individual businesses must participate in the federally regulated program surrounding hemp production. Essentially, hemp growth and production is legal but highly regulated and requires strict approval and testing requirements.
This impacts the production and extraction of all Delta-8 THC products because all these products need to be hemp-derived and therefore, heavily regulated.
There are currently 16 states that do not allow for the extraction or production of Delta-8 THC. To learn which states allow Delta-8 THC, visit our FAQ page for more information. It’s interesting to note that a lot of the states that do not allow Delta-8 products are the same states that have legalized cannabis. It is still not clear where the discrepancy lies but companies like Delta Xtracts have developed relationships in all legal states which is why their products are available in all legal states and have passed the rigorous testing standards.
As you can tell, there are a lot of layers around Delta-8 THC and its legality, which is why it’s important to only get Delta-8 products from companies like Delta Xtracts because they prioritize best practices and clean products.
Is Delta-8 THC found in every cannabis plant?
Yes, Delta-8 can be found in both hemp and marijuana plants. However, Delta-8 THC is only legal if it is hemp-derived which means that extraction and production companies must work directly with hemp farms to get the plants they need to create Delta-8.
The cannabinoid Delta-8 is naturally occurring in cannabis plants but only in trace amounts. In order to create enough Delta-8 to make effective products, companies need to actually convert it from other cannabinoids as opposed to extracting it directly from the plant. The most common cannabinoids that are converted in Delta-8 are CBD and Delta-9 THC.
These cannabinoids are extracted from hemp plants and this extraction process can take a few different forms.
One of the most common forms of CBD extraction is a carbon dioxide extraction method. This process involves using Carbon Dioxide in both its liquid and natural gas form. CO2 can be pressurized into a gas form, called supercritical CO2, and then pressed over the plant material. The remaining supercritical CO2 will now contain all the cannabinoids found in the plant, and once the CO2 is converted back to gas, the only thing left is the cannabinoids.
This method is popular because it can be done on a large number of “units”, so it can be a preferred method for large-scale manufacturers. It can also be used to extract terpenes, which can help establish different flavor and aromatic experiences in different products. We use terpenes in our vape pens and cartridges to ensure a delicious experience, every time.
The other common method is called solvent extraction. This process is very similar to CO2 extraction, however, the materials for the process are more affordable, and the process itself tends to be quicker. Common solvents are ethanol, butane, and propane. These all exist in liquid form so the solution has to be carefully heated after extraction to actually separate the cannabinoids and terpenes without harming them.
It’s important to remember that the people running these extractions are professionals in labs. These chemicals are dangerous and should not be used at home.
How is Delta-8 THC converted from other cannabinoids?
What’s so cool about cannabinoids is that they are all very similar to each other. For example, the only difference between Delta-8 and Delta-9 is where the carbon bond is in their molecular structure. We wrote a piece about the difference between Delta-8 and Delta-9 that will give you even more information.
Delta-8 is made through a process called isomerization. This process involves putting CBD into diluted sulfuric acid and glacial acetic acid. Once the CBD is dissolved, the solution will come to room temperature. The cannabinoid composition will change as the solution sits, and many of the cannabinoids will have either already converted or will convert into Delta-8 THC. Nerdy, we know!
In order to be federally legal, all hemp-derived Delta-8 products need to contain less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. The potency of products is verified through labs such as the American Clinical Solutions Laboratory. Labs like this will extract cannabinoids from all the submitted products and test them for things like Delta-8, Delta-9, CBD, pesticides, and more. Once a lab has processed your products you will be issued a COA or a certificate of analysis. This proves that your products are clean, safe, and below the legal limit for Delta-9.
You can see Delta Xtract’s COA here.
So what type of Delta-8 products can I buy?
Currently, there are a lot of different products on the market, including a variety of edible and smokable options.
The most popular products are Delta-8 gummies, Delta-8 vape pens, and Delta-8 cartridges.. Delta Xtracts produces delicious Delta-8 gummies with a consistent 25mg per gummy dose, plus their Pina Colada and Wild Berry flavors make them a delicious little treat. Their disposable vape pens and cartridges are infused with all-natural terpenes and they offer a sativa, indica, or hybrid experience. Some of their notable flavors are Zkittlez, Grand Daddy Purp, Pineapple Express, & Wedding Cake, and more.
If you’re interested in learning more about Delta Xtracts Delta-8 products or Delta-8 wholesale, you can contact us any time!
As you can tell from this blog, there is a lot of intricacy surrounding the Delta-8 market. We are hoping that you have come away with a more robust understanding of the cannabinoid, where it’s found, how it’s made, and ultimately what it is used for. Hemp-derived Delta-8 can have wonderful benefits including reduced anxiety and increased appetite. While the effects tend to be more subtle than Delta-9, it’s always important to remember to start small and work your way up. You can always take more if you need it!
After doing your research, if you decide that Delta-8 THC is right for you, make sure you are getting Delta Xtracts products to ensure you’re getting a clean, consistent, legally lifted experience every time!